|Name||Umar Ibn Khatab|
|Notable Ideas||Judicial Activism, Fairness, Justice, Love for Prophet etc.|
Umar (Arabic عمر بن الخطاب) (ca 586-90 – 644) also known as Umar ibn al-Khattab and Omar, was a great admirer and friend of the Muhammad, secondly only to the greatest companion of Prophet. He became the second caliph after Prophet's death and ruled for 10 years playing a significant role in Islam.
Umar was born in Mecca in from 586-90 C.E. in the Banu Adi clan, which was responsible for arbitrations among the tribes. His father was Khattab ibn Nufayl and his mother was Hantammah daughter of Khattab, from the tribe of Banu Makhzum. He is said to have belonged to a middle class family. In his youth he used to tend to his father’s camels in the plains near Mecca. His father was famed for his intelligence among his tribe. He was a middle class merchant and is believed to be a ruthless and emotional pagan man who often treated Umar badly. During Muhammad's eraEdit Umar's hostility to IslamEdit
Muslims' Respect Towards Umar
Umar is remembered as a rigid Muslim of a sound and just disposition in matters of the religion of Allah, a man titled as Farooq, meaning "leader, jurist and statesman", and the second of the rightly-guided Caliphs. He patched his clothes with skin, took buckets on his two shoulders, always riding his donkey without the saddle, rarely laughing and never joking with anyone. On his ring is written the words "Enough is Death as a reminder to you O' 'Umar". He did not seek advancement for his own family, but rather sought to advance the interests of the Muslim community, the ummah.